Inhalation is the basic local treatment of the airways diseases. In the inhalation treatment drug is introduced in the form of aerosol. Aerosol is a mixture of air with micro-fine droplets of medicament. The dose of the medicine induced is that way is many times less than the dose of the same medicine if it is used in tablets. I.e. one pill of Ventolin has 2mg of active ingredient, and an inhalation Ventolin has 0,1 mg. With twenty times less amount of the medicine, the inhalation achieves immediate effect, since no time is needed for the medicine to be absorbed in the body. This reduces and side effects of the medicine.
The proper use of inhalation is the second important prerequisite for the success of inhalation therapy. Therefore, it is important that the therapist shows to the patient the correct inhalation technique.
Inhalation is applied in airway diseases such as bronchitis, bronchial asthma, laryngitis etc. Acute obstructive bronchitis is a condition where bronchial mucous is inflamed, increased secretion followed by spasm of the muscles of the bronchi. Ventolin inhaler therapy relaxes the bronchial muscle, reduces the density of the mucus and facilitating expectoration. Treatment is determined depending on current conditions and may be administered more than once a day.
Acute laryngitis is mostly viral disease that leads to swelling of the vocal cords and mucous membranes directly under them, which is the narrowest place in the airways. Thus significantly narrowing the opening of the trachea which leads to hoarseness, dry cough, breathing sound side, wheezing and difficulty breathing. Inhaler therapy standard therapy is by using dexamethasone and saline. In case of laryngitis and bronchitis, Inhalation over a hot water at home has no effect. That can lead to deterioration of the current state since the head makes blood vessel dilate and increases swelling of the mucous membranes. It is a good practice to advise with a doctor before conducting any home treatments.